Oil Pipeline – Storm Field Services LLC http://stormfieldservicesllc.com/ Wed, 23 Nov 2022 15:40:51 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/storm-field-services-llc-icon-1-150x150.png Oil Pipeline – Storm Field Services LLC http://stormfieldservicesllc.com/ 32 32 TGP NJ pipeline expansion can still be stopped by Governor Phil Murphy https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/tgp-nj-pipeline-expansion-can-still-be-stopped-by-governor-phil-murphy/ Wed, 23 Nov 2022 15:40:51 +0000 https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/tgp-nj-pipeline-expansion-can-still-be-stopped-by-governor-phil-murphy/ Brian D. Scanlan and Sam DiFalco

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Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure Market Expected https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/crude-oil-pipeline-infrastructure-market-expected/ Thu, 17 Nov 2022 07:31:00 +0000 https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/crude-oil-pipeline-infrastructure-market-expected/

Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure Market

Global Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure Market Outlook (2022-2030)

This report aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the global Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure market, with quantitative and qualitative analysis, to assist readers to develop business/growth strategies, assess market competitive situation, analyze their position in the current market and make informed business decisions regarding crude oil pipeline infrastructure.

The Global Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure Market intentionally explores in the report while largely focusing on key industry players and their business strategies, geological extension, market sections, serious scene , assembly and estimating and cost structures. Each segment of the exploration study is exceptionally set up to investigate key elements of the Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure market. The Market Elements domain dives deep into the drivers, restraints, patterns, and chances of the Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure market. With the subjective and quantitative investigation, we help you carry out a comprehensive and thorough examination of the Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure market. We have also focused on SWOT, PESTLE and Porter’s Five Forces analysis of the crude oil pipeline infrastructure market.

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Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure Market Key Players Include:

❖ Trans-Canada Highway
❖ Enbridge
❖ Kinder Morgan
❖ Pembina
❖ CNPC
❖ PetroChina
❖ Petrobras Bechtel
❖ National Oil Varco
❖ Europipe
❖ Jindal Group
❖ Welspun Corporation
❖ CRC Evans
❖ Chelpipe (Full details in sample report)

The Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure Industry research report will also study the market share of major stakeholders in their global capacity as processors globally. This qualitative and quantitative analysis will include key product offerings, key differentiators, revenue share, market size, market status, and strategies. The report will also cover major global agreements, collaborations and partnerships that will soon change the market dynamics globally.

Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure Market Segment By Type:

❖ Transmission
❖ Gathering

Global Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure Market Segment By Application:

❖ Down
❖ Offshore

Regional Analysis For Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure Market:

• North America (United States, Canada)
• Europe (UK, Italy, Germany, France, rest of EU)
• Asia-Pacific (India, Japan, China, South Korea, Australia, rest of APAC)
• Latin America (Chile, Brazil, Argentina, rest of Latin America)
• Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, South Africa, Rest of MEA)

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Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure Market insights will enhance the revenue impact for businesses in various industries:

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✔ Guide stakeholders to identify key issues related to their consolidation strategies in the global Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure market and propose solutions
✔ Assess the impact of changing regulatory dynamics in regions where companies want to expand their footprint
✔ Provides an understanding of disruptive technology trends to help companies make their transitions smoothly
✔ Helping leading companies recalibrate their strategy before their competitors and peers
✔ Offers insights into promising growth for top players aiming to retain their leading position in Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure Market supply-side analysis.

FAQs

[1] Who are the global crude oil pipeline infrastructure manufacturers and what is their share, price, volume, competitive landscape, SWOT analysis and future growth plans?
[2] What are the key drivers, growth/restraint factors and challenges of crude oil pipeline infrastructure?
[3] How is the Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure industry expected to grow over the projected period?
[4] How Has COVID-19 Affected The Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure Industry And Are There Any Changes Under Regulatory Policy?
[5] What are the major application areas and product types of Crude Oil Pipeline Infrastructure industry that can expect huge demand during the forecast period?
[6] What are the key offerings and new strategies adopted by crude oil pipeline infrastructure players?

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PM launches series of development projects in Vizag https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/pm-launches-series-of-development-projects-in-vizag/ Sat, 12 Nov 2022 07:08:00 +0000 https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/pm-launches-series-of-development-projects-in-vizag/

Visakhapatnam: On Saturday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated or laid the foundation stones for seven development projects worth Rs 10,742 crore.

At a public meeting held at Andhra University Engineering College in Visakhapatnam, he officially inaugurated two projects and laid the foundation stone for five others by pressing the remote control.

Andhra Pradesh Governor Biswa Bhusan Harichandan, Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy, Union Railways Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw and others attended.

The Prime Minister dedicated to the nation, the Petroleum and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC) onshore U-field deepwater block project developed at a cost of Rs 2,917 crore. According to officials, it is the deepest gas discovery on the project with a potential gas production of approximately 3 million metric standard cubic meters per day (MMSCMD).

He laid the foundation stone for GAIL’s Srikakulam Angul gas pipeline project with a capacity of approximately 6.65 MMSCMD. This 745 km long pipeline will be constructed at a total cost of over Rs. 2,658 crores.

As part of the Natural Gas Network (NGG), the pipeline will create the vital infrastructure to supply natural gas to domestic households, industries, commercial units and automotive sectors in various districts of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. The pipeline will supply natural gas to the city’s gas distribution network in Srikakulam and Vizianagaram districts in Andhra Pradesh.

Modi laid the foundation stone for the Andhra Pradesh section of the six-lane Greenfield Raipur-Visakhapatnam Economic Corridor. It will be built at a cost of over Rs 3,778 crore.

The economic corridor is expected to provide faster connectivity between the industrial nodes of Chhattisgarh and Odisha to Visakhapatnam Port and the Chennai-Kolkata National Highway. It will also improve connectivity with tribal and backward areas of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.

He also laid the foundation stone for the redevelopment of Visakhapatnam railway station which will be done at a cost of around Rs 460 crore. The revamped station would handle 75,000 passengers a day and will improve the passenger experience by offering modern amenities.

The foundation stone was also laid for the modernization and modernization of the Visakhapatnam fishing port. The total cost of the project is around Rs 152 crore. The fishing port, after its upgrade and modernization, will double the handling capacity from 150 tons per day to about 300 tons per day, provide safe landing and mooring and other modern infrastructure, reduce the time of execution in the pier, will reduce wastage and help to improve the price. realization.

The foundation stone was also laid for a dedicated port road from Convent Junction to Sheela Nagar Junction in Visakhapatnam. It will reduce traffic congestion in the city of Visakhapatnam by separating local and port-bound cargo traffic.

The Prime Minister also dedicated to the nation, the Narasannapeta to Pathapatnam section of NH-326 built at a cost of over Rs 200 crore as part of the Srikakulam-Gajapati corridor. The project would provide better connectivity in the region.

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Gas flows to the east via the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline are decreasing, flows via Ukraine are stabilizing https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/gas-flows-to-the-east-via-the-yamal-europe-gas-pipeline-are-decreasing-flows-via-ukraine-are-stabilizing/ Tue, 08 Nov 2022 08:20:00 +0000 https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/gas-flows-to-the-east-via-the-yamal-europe-gas-pipeline-are-decreasing-flows-via-ukraine-are-stabilizing/

November 8 (Reuters) – Eastward gas flows via the Yamal-Europe pipeline to Poland from Germany plummeted on Tuesday morning while gas flows from Russia to Europe via Ukraine remained stable.

Exit flows at the Mallnow metering point on the German pipeline border were 2,481,469 kilowatt hours (kWh) per hour between 07:00 CET and 08:00 CET, compared to around 3,400,000 kWh for most of the day previous, depending on the data.

The evolution of flows is in line with the nominations, or requests, of gas buyers.

Russian gas nominations to Slovakia from Ukraine via the Velke Kapusany border point amounted to 36.7 million cubic meters (mcm), almost unchanged from the previous day, according to data from the Ukrainian transport system.

Russia’s Gazprom (GAZP.MM) said on Tuesday it would ship 42.4 million cubic meters of natural gas to Europe via Ukraine on Tuesday, in line with recent volumes.

Gas flows via the Nord Stream 1 gas pipeline, which crosses the Baltic Sea to Germany from Russia, remained zero.

The pipeline has not reopened since it was closed Aug. 31 for what was expected to be three days of maintenance.

Moscow blamed the shutdown on Western sanctions and technical issues. The pipeline has since been damaged by suspected sabotage.

Reporting by Ashitha Shivaprasad in Bengaluru and Bozorgmehr Sharafedin in London Editing by David Goodman

Our standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

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The new Russian gas pipeline for Bosnia and Herzegovina stopped at the Drina River https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/the-new-russian-gas-pipeline-for-bosnia-and-herzegovina-stopped-at-the-drina-river/ Sat, 05 Nov 2022 08:30:47 +0000 https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/the-new-russian-gas-pipeline-for-bosnia-and-herzegovina-stopped-at-the-drina-river/

The planned gas pipeline from Bijeljina northeast to BanjaLuka and novemberI Grad northwest of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) was arrested at the Drina River.

Two members of the BiH Presidency of the Federation of BiH(FBiH), Sefik Dzaferovivs and ZEljko KomsIvsrefuse to officially discuss the contract between BiH and Serbia which would allow its construction.

Without the consent of the three members of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina and a signed bilateral agreement, the gas pipeline cannot cross the national border.

Through this pipeline, Russian gas would be transported through the so-called Turkish stream, and entered Bosnia and Herzegovina through aother direction. It would be intended exclusively for consumers of the Republika Srpska (RS) entity. The hundred million euros needed for construction should be provided by Gazprom.

It is planned to be used by the Russian company Brod and Modrivsa refinery, which would also build one of five planned gas-fired power plants. The gas would also be used by households for heating and other industrial consumers.

Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Sefik Dzaferovivs Says that BiH should follow Europe and get rid of its dependence on Russian gas.

The European Union (EU) offers money to solve dependence on Russia

In Sarajevo, Von der Leyen presented the “Energy Support Package for the Western Balkans”, worth 500 million euros, intended to build infrastructures that would improve energy security and reduce dependence on Russian energy sources.

Dzaferovivs underlined that the interest of BiH is the construction of the “southern interconnection”, which would connect BiH with the network of Croatian and European gas pipelines, and he stated that the construction of this gas pipeline in the south of BiH was part of in this framework.

After the last session, Dodik spoke of “Federation blockages” and announced countermeasures.

“As long as we are in power, no project in BiH will pass until the question of the passage of the gas pipeline in Banja Luka is approved,” Dodik said.

“High priority” for RS

The “New Eastern Interconnection of BiH – Serbia” gas pipeline, as it is officially called, would be 325 kilometers long, have a capacity of one billion cubic meters per year, and cost around 120 million euros.

The director of the company Gas Res, Ljubo GlamovsIvssays that “it will take more time to finish the ‘paperwork‘ than for the building itself.

He declaresD that the authorities of RS, when planning the highway from Banja Luka to Bijeljina and further through Serbia, predicted that the gas pipeline would run parallel to it. He pointed out that “events As it concerns Ukraine and Russia have slowed things down a lot, but regardless, work on the project continues.

“A lot of details have been defined, including the crossing of the Drina. Soon, a call for tenders will be launched for the preparation of a study and a conceptual project, on the basis of which the project documentation and the expropriation will be prepared”, GlamovsIvs concluded, writes Radio Slobodna Evropa.

E.Dz.

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$3.6bn Paid for Mahama’s Alleged Sankofa Gas Pipeline ‘Dodgy’ Deal – Ghana Gas https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/3-6bn-paid-for-mahamas-alleged-sankofa-gas-pipeline-dodgy-deal-ghana-gas/ Wed, 02 Nov 2022 10:53:19 +0000 https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/3-6bn-paid-for-mahamas-alleged-sankofa-gas-pipeline-dodgy-deal-ghana-gas/

The Akufo-Addo administration says it has so far paid $3.6 billion over the past seven years for an alleged ENI Sankofa gas pipeline deal signed by the Mahama administration.

Public Affairs Director of Ghana National Gas Company Limited (GNGC), Ernest Owusu Bempah, briefing reporters in Accra on Tuesday, November 1, 2022, said the contract was the most expensive gas contract in the world.

He explained that on a monthly basis, Ghana pays $46 million, making it $552 million per year.

According to him, the Akufo-Addo government had no choice but to continue with the contract when he took office due to the terms and conditions, he said.

“This contract was signed for 20 to 25 years, a monopoly for this period and the IMF questioned it,” he said.

“We wouldn’t go to the IMF without some of these reckless questionable contracts signed by the Mahama administration,” he said.

Mr. Owusu Bempah further explained that the contract is partly responsible for the current economic challenges facing the country.

“The government is unable to reduce the cost of electricity for thermal generation,” he said.

Former President Mahama signed the deal with ENI and Vitol Energy in a ceremony at the Peduase lodge near Aburi in 2015

This was, at the time, probably the largest foreign direct investment in West Africa and even in Ghana since independence.

The project was located in the West region.

Oil production from Cape Three Points offshore was estimated at eighty thousand barrels per day.

Recently, the Country Director of the World Bank (Ghana), Pierre Frank Laporte, mentioned losses in the energy sector of the economy as one of the challenges that have forced Ghana into a situation where it is now seeking support from the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Mr. Bempah referred to a recent interview with the country’s World Bank chief, Mr. Laporte, who said losses in the energy sector compound the challenges.

“The big problem has been on the tax side. Before the current crisis happened, we observed some challenges on the fiscal side which were really the most affected area of ​​everything. Also where action is needed now to address it.

“For example, on the revenue side, we have always said that this is an area where Ghana should do better. We are encouraged that this should be one of the areas for potential programs and World Bank support. The problem is fiscal, not just revenue.

“The problem is that there are spillovers from other sectors as well. For example, the energy sector. There’s about a billion dollars going to the energy sector because of the losses. The sector itself is not financially viable and to maintain it requires subsidization.

“Action is needed. Of course, with Covid, the general business environment has been a bit more difficult.

DISCLAIMER: The views, comments, opinions, contributions and statements made by readers and contributors on this platform do not necessarily represent the views or policies of Multimedia Group Limited.

DISCLAIMER: The views, comments, opinions, contributions and statements made by readers and contributors on this platform do not necessarily represent the views or policies of Multimedia Group Limited.

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Africa shows how difficult it is getting to pump crude oil https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/africa-shows-how-difficult-it-is-getting-to-pump-crude-oil/ Sun, 30 Oct 2022 11:17:58 +0000 https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/africa-shows-how-difficult-it-is-getting-to-pump-crude-oil/

Comment

The global infrastructure for pumping crude from the ground is cracking, and nowhere is this more apparent than off the west coast of Africa. Years of underinvestment, theft, sabotage and civil unrest have combined with harsh operating conditions to undermine the region’s oil production, sending it into a slump from which it may never recover. .

In 2010, West African countries pumped nearly 5.5 million barrels per day of crude oil and condensate, or about 7% of global production. By 2021, that figure had fallen to just over 3.5 million barrels per day, and the region’s share of the total had fallen by two percentage points. This year, the levels will fall further.

West Africa’s two big producers, Nigeria and Angola, are both struggling with long-term declining deposits. But the problems don’t end there.

Production cuts agreed by oil producer group OPEC+ in 2020 in response to the Covid-19 pandemic appear to have led to permanent production capacity losses for the two West African giants. Neither was able to restore production which had been shut down between April and June 2020, even as their targets began to increase in early 2021.

Production data from Nigeria’s upstream oil regulator shows crude output falling below 1 million barrels per day in August and September. This is barely half the level seen in the first months of 2020 before the OPEC+ cuts. Even when production targets started to increase, Nigeria’s production continued to move in the opposite direction.

The country will increase its production by 500,000 barrels per day by the end of November, according to the managing director of the Nigerian National Petroleum Co., Mele Kyari. It’s a tall order that would bring production to a level it hasn’t reached in over two and a half years. I’m not convinced he can do it.

Even if the target is reached, maintaining production at this level seems difficult. Upstream investment on land and in shallow waters is almost non-existent, while spending in deeper waters will do little more than slow the decline.

But an even bigger problem is posed by the lack of security of the oil infrastructure. The widespread theft of crude from pipelines that criss-cross the Niger River delta region has forced producers to close wells. The situation has deteriorated so badly in recent months that one of the biggest crude oil pipelines in the region – the 180,000 barrel-per-day Trans-Niger Pipeline – was forced to shut down in June after flows slackened. reduced to a net.

Vessel tracking data used to monitor the country’s oil exports shows that shipments from terminals that process crude produced in the Niger River Delta region have plummeted in recent months.

While Bonny and Brass terminals remain closed, Shell Plc restarted shipments from Forcados earlier this month after a 10-week closure. This should help achieve Kyari’s goal, but there’s still a long way to go to protect the pipelines. The government is now turning to those who previously sabotaged oil infrastructure for protection. It also appears set to require the installation of monitoring equipment that detects pipeline losses in real time, a demand that will increase the cost of production in the region.

Meanwhile, production is also falling further south in Angola. When the country joined OPEC in 2007, it was a hair’s breadth away from pumping 2 million barrels of crude a day. 15 years later, it is struggling to maintain its production at half that level. The new projects mostly exploit fields close to those already in production, using the unused capacity of floating production units as it becomes available to stem the decline in production. But there are no new offshore production centers being developed that could reverse the decline any time soon.

Connecting nearby fields to existing vessels may help for a while, but soon Angola will need major new investments to prevent its production from falling below 1 million barrels per day.

While the two major producers in the region are struggling, the West African oil producers club could soon welcome a new member. Namibia, neighboring Angola to the south, is hoping recent discoveries by Shell and TotalEnergies SE off its coast will herald long-awaited oil production. But will Namibia’s prospects be bright enough to eclipse the dwindling prospects of Nigeria and Angola? I doubt.

Perhaps Russia’s self-destruction as an upstream investment destination will encourage the oil majors to look again at prospects offshore West Africa. Recent successes in Namibia and across the Atlantic off Guyana – the other flank of the rift that opened up between Africa and South America in the Jurassic – could lead to a rethink. This cannot come too soon for the oil-dependent economies of Angola and Nigeria.

This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the Editorial Board or of Bloomberg LP and its owners.

Julian Lee is oil strategist for Bloomberg First Word. Previously, he was a senior analyst at the Center for Global Energy Studies.

More stories like this are available at bloomberg.com/opinion

]]> Alberta nanotech firm uses ‘smart paint’ to detect pipeline leaks https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/alberta-nanotech-firm-uses-smart-paint-to-detect-pipeline-leaks/ Wed, 26 Oct 2022 22:46:13 +0000 https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/alberta-nanotech-firm-uses-smart-paint-to-detect-pipeline-leaks/

More than 450,000 kilometers of pipeline cross Alberta.

Oil and gas companies use a variety of technologies to detect leaks, but most are intended to target major, large-scale incidents.

“They’re only really good at catching the really big leaks,” said Direct-C CEO Adrian Banica. “If you have a major production disruption it will pick it up, but it won’t pick up the small seeps which over time and in critical places can cause a lot of damage.”

Read more:

100,000 liters of ‘acid emulsion’ spilled from pipeline leak in northern Alberta

Direct-C is an Alberta company that uses nanotechnology to not only detect leaks, but also small infiltrations in oil and gas lines.

“We take various proprietary polymers and mix nanoparticles into them to create a smart paint system that, once applied to a surface, we can use that paint to sense what’s going on with that surface.”

The story continues under the ad

The nanoparticles are used to create what the company calls a “smart paint,” designed to react only to liquid hydrocarbons like natural gas.

It is then sprayed onto a substrate and attached to circuitry, before being split into one-inch wide detection strips up to 100 meters long. This tape is then attached to pipelines, where it can monitor and detect even the smallest of leaks.


Click to play video:


Pipeline ‘abnormalities’ detected the night before leak in North Saskatchewan River


Direct-C has been adopted worldwide, including, he said, among half of the Pathways

Alliance members, major oil and gas producers in Canada.

Look:

Policy and pipelines: Canada’s energy dilemma

Of course, it’s not just fancy painting that works on pipeline integrity. Companies are expanding their leak detection systems to include drone, acoustic, and anti-corrosion technologies.

The story continues under the ad

The Alberta Energy Regulator said, in a statement: “[We] are interested in the potential of any new development of reliable and innovative technologies to further improve pipeline performance and reduce risk to the public and the environment.

According to the AER’s Pipeline Performance Report, “In 2021, there were approximately 41% fewer incidents than in 2012, even though the total number of pipeline kilometers increased by 9% during of the same period”.

For more information on Alberta’s current pipeline integrity standards and requirements, see AER Directive 077: Pipelines — Requirements and Reference Tools.


Click to play the video:


Drone footage sheds light on Keystone pipeline spill


© 2022 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.

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Invisible and Sneaky: Putin’s Hidden Hybrid War Tries to Break Europe’s Heart | Simon Tisdall https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/invisible-and-sneaky-putins-hidden-hybrid-war-tries-to-break-europes-heart-simon-tisdall/ Sun, 23 Oct 2022 16:31:00 +0000 https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/invisible-and-sneaky-putins-hidden-hybrid-war-tries-to-break-europes-heart-simon-tisdall/

NOTAto planners have always worried about the Storskog border crossing in Finnmark, where arctic Norway comes face to face with the cold reality of Russia. In Soviet times, the 121-mile border was a potential flashpoint. The Red Banner Northern Fleet’s nuclear submarines are still based near Murmansk on the freezing Barents Sea.

The reasons to worry again about the border multiply after the invasion of Ukraine by Vladimir Putin. Norwegian police recently arrested several Russians, equipped with drones and cameras, who showed an unusual interest in oil and gas installations. Some of the alleged spies entered via Storskog.

Since Russia cut off Europe’s energy supply in retaliation for Western sanctions – and after last month’s sabotage of the Nord Stream Baltic gas pipelines – Norway has become Europe’s largest gas supplier. And while the government in Oslo doesn’t blame Moscow directly, it knows that makes it a prime target for covert hybrid warfare operations.

Of particular concern is the Baltic Pipe, a gas pipeline linking Norway with Poland and other EU countries, which opened last month. The obvious concern is that he might suffer the explosive fate of Nord Stream. Also theoretically vulnerable in this new era of Russian-European hostility are the vital pipelines feeding the UK.

“We see the consequences of the new security situation in Norway,” Justice Minister Emilie Enger Mehl warned after the arrests. “We cannot rule out other cases.” Following reports of drones buzzing over North Sea rigs, Norway and Denmark – along with NATO aspirants Finland and Sweden – are all increasing security and maritime patrols.

Finland is even planning to fence parts of its border with Russia, fearing both an influx of spies and saboteurs and a maliciously orchestrated wave of illegal migrants like the one at the Belarus-Poland border in 2021. Putin’s mass mobilization.

A gas leak from the rupture of the Nord Stream 1 pipeline in the Baltic Sea. Photo: Tt News Agency/Reuters

Russian non-military hybrid warfare takes many forms, all with the same objective: the execution of “active measures” to harm, confuse, frighten, weaken and divide target states while maintaining plausible deniability. Thus, the EU and the US strongly suspect Putin of ordering the sabotage of the Nord Stream as part of his undeclared energy war against Europe. But he denies it, and they have produced no evidence.

With the realization that the Russian president will stop at nothing, EU leaders wonder what he could do next to undermine support for Ukraine – and weaken their governments. Putin loses on the battlefield and despite his nuclear threats, clearly fears a frontal conflict with NATO which he knows he could lose.

Looking ahead, it’s logical – and safe – to assume that a desperate and reckless Putin will increasingly turn to hybrid attacks in Europe.

Very little is prohibited. France fears that the transatlantic Internet cables, essential for Western security and communications, are in its sights. Its 2023 budget allocates €3.1 million to the defense of the “seabed”. Another 11 million euros would have been earmarked for drones and underwater robots.

“We have critical infrastructure that is beyond our territory – cables, satellites and oil and gas pipelines. We have been strengthening their security since the start of the war,” President Emmanuel Macron recently revealed.

Britain is catching up. Ben Wallace, the Defense Secretary, has promised that the UK’s first “multipurpose ocean surveillance vessel” will be operational by 2023. Admiral Sir Tony Radakin, Chief of the Defense Staff, warned in January that the breaking of communication cables would be considered an act of war.

But the UK seems unprepared. Adding to the jitters, the rupture of an undersea communications cable that isolated the Shetland Islanders last week remains unexplained. The incident highlighted the potential national dimension of hybrid warfare.

EU officials admit it is impossible to protect everything from nuclear power stations, utilities and IT systems to airports and hospitals. This vulnerability was dramatically exposed when sabotage blamed on Russia shut down parts of the German rail network this month.

Russia’s hybrid options extend to the covert use of special forces and proxy fighters, such as the “little green men” deployed in Crimea in 2014. They include deniable cyberattacks, such as those suffered by Estonia in August, fake news and disinformation campaigns, such as during the 2016 US Election and Brexit referendum, and concerted diplomatic deception.

The use of “active measures” is difficult to prove. NATO said in 2016 that “hybrid actions” against one or more allies would be considered an attack on all under Article 5 of the North Atlantic treaty. But the problem is a problem of definition – what constitutes such an attack? Another problem is agreeing on who is responsible.

“Hybrid methods of warfare… have long been used to destabilize adversaries. What is new about the attacks seen in recent years is their speed, scale and intensity, facilitated by rapid technological change and global interconnectivity,” NATO said in June. “Counter-Hybrid Support Teams” would provide assistance, but it was primarily up to individual countries to protect themselves.

The hybrid threats add to the already considerable political and social tensions imposed on Europe by the Ukrainian conflict. EU leaders are struggling to agree on a gas price cap and other energy crisis measures, while France and Germany are at odds over future defense policy vis-à-vis Russia. A key government-to-government summit this week has been postponed.

The Macron administration is besieged by far-right and far-left opponents, strikers and street protesters angry at the rising cost of living. The unpopular German Chancellor, Olaf Scholz, struggles to maintain a restless coalition. Many of the problems they face stem directly from the ever-increasing impact of the February invasion.

Division, disruption, destabilization: these are the fruits of Putin’s covert Hybrid War. He loses on the ground in Ukraine. But is he winning the battle to break the will of Europe? Winter is coming – and winter will tell.

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The Saudis demanded an oil production cut so deep that even Russia was surprised https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/the-saudis-demanded-an-oil-production-cut-so-deep-that-even-russia-was-surprised/ Thu, 20 Oct 2022 18:53:00 +0000 https://stormfieldservicesllc.com/the-saudis-demanded-an-oil-production-cut-so-deep-that-even-russia-was-surprised/

The Saudis The OPEC+ oil cartel’s announcement earlier this month that it was cutting 2 million barrels of oil a day – a move that would drive up the price of oil just a month before the midterm elections – upset Democrats in Washington. They accused Riyadh of aligning itself with Russia, another powerful member of OPEC+, which would indeed benefit. “What Saudi Arabia did to help Putin continue his vile and vicious war against Ukraine will long be remembered by Americans,” said Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer.

But Saudi Arabia has actually pushed to cut oil production twice as much as Russian President Vladimir Putin, surprising the Russians, two Saudi sources with knowledge of the negotiations told The Intercept, suggesting Riyadh’s motives are more deeper than leading Democrats want to admit. The sources requested anonymity, fearing reprisals from the Saudi government.

Public reports have hinted at Saudi Arabia’s willingness to cut production much more aggressively than Russia and other OPEC+ members initially sought. On September 27, Reuters reported that Russia favored a cut of 1 million barrels per day – just half of what would be agreed later. Then, on October 5, OPEC+ announced that it would cut 2 million barrels per day. On Oct. 14, White House National Security Council spokesman John Kirby said “more than one” OPEC+ members disagreed with the cut, but were forced by Saudi Arabia to accept it – but he refused to specify which countries. According to The Wall Street Journal, OPEC+ members who have privately pushed back on the cut include Kuwait, Iraq, Bahrain and even the United Arab Emirates, a close ally of Saudi Arabia. These countries would have feared that the production cuts would lead to a recession that would eventually reduce demand for oil.

Saudi Arabia, a putative ally, pushed for even deeper cuts than Russia, a US adversary, even thought it could get away with, the sources said. “People in DC think MBS is on Putin’s side, but I think MBS is even more Putinian than Putin,” said one of the sources, a Saudi close to the royal family, referring to the de facto leader of Saudi Arabia, Crown Prince Mohammed bin. Salman.

While Saudi Arabia has argued the move was driven solely by economic interests, the White House and other senior Democrats have said the Saudis are pursuing a conscious alignment with Russia. “The Saudi Foreign Ministry may try to twist or deflect, but the facts are simple,” Kirby said, alleging that “they knew” that cutting oil production “would increase Russian revenue and mitigate the effectiveness of sanctions” against Russia in the midst of its invasion. from Ukraine.

Democratic leaders are largely consistent around this message. But experts say the cut is aimed squarely at the Democratic Party — something Democratic officials have been loath to publicly admit.

“The Saudis are well aware that the price of gasoline at the pump has been a critical political issue in the United States since 1973,” Bruce Riedel, senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, told The Intercept in an email. “They want a big raise to help Republicans,” he added, explaining that MBS sees the GOP winning back Congress as “the first step to winning Trump in 2024 and a setback for Biden.”

In 1973, Saudi Arabia imposed an oil embargo intended to punish the United States and other countries that supported Israel during the Yom Kippur War. Then, in 1979, Saudi Arabia again imposed an oil embargo – this time in the wake of the Iranian revolution, with the resulting high gasoline prices playing an arguably decisive role in the defeat of Jimmy Carter confronting Ronald Reagan during the 1980 presidential race. Carter placed solar panels on the roof of the White House in a symbolic plea for the importance of the United States getting out of oil dependence, a gesture for which he was ridiculed.

MBS’s reign has seen this power wielded in an extremely partisan fashion. MBS complied with Donald Trump’s oil production demands in two election years: once in 2018, by increasing oil production to drive down prices, and again in 2020 by lowering production, which Trump wanted protect America’s domestic shale industry battered by weak demand. by the slowing down of the pandemic.

“MBS had a romantic relationship with Trump,” Riedel said. “Trump supported MBS when he assassinated Khashoggi and his war in Yemen that starved tens of thousands of children; there has never been any criticism of Saudi Arabia’s human rights abuses from the Trump administration.

Trump broke with longstanding presidential tradition by making his first foreign visit as president to Riyadh, where he was showered with gifts and signed a record $350 billion arms sale to the kingdom. He also vetoed three separate congressional bills that would have blocked arms sales to Riyadh and bragged about protecting MBS from the consequences of the murder of Washington Post journalist Jamal Khashoggi, saying, “I saved his skin.”

“You don’t have to look far to understand that MBS is deliberately and persistently acting against American interests and the Biden administration in particular. His actions are not just ‘snubs’ but punches in the face” said Sarah Leah Whitson, executive director of Democracy in the Arab World Now, “He’s very openly using oil as leverage to try to influence the midterm elections in an effort to bring in more compliant Republicans, trying to show us all who’s boss, even in our own democracy.”

The idea that Saudi Arabia could intervene in US domestic politics, verboten in Washington, has been publicly acknowledged by senior Saudi officials themselves. In an Arabic-language interview for the Saudi state-funded talk show, “Spotlights,” in May 2004, Prince Bandar bin Sultan Al Saud, the Saudi ambassador to the United States from 1983 to 2006, said aloud voice the calm party: “The kingdom oil decisions can influence the election or non-election of the president of the United States, the largest and strongest country in the world. Let this be taken into consideration, regardless of what that the kingdom decides to do, is in itself a proof of the strategic weight for the kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

“He’s very openly using oil as leverage to try to influence the midterm elections in an effort to bring in more docile Republicans, trying to show all of us who’s boss, even in our own democracy.”

In another interview with Bob Woodward in 2004, Bandar said, “President [Bill] Clinton asked us to keep prices low in the year 2000. In fact, I can go back to 1979, President Carter asked us to keep prices low to avoid the malaise.

In October 2018, following news of Khashoggi’s grisly murder, a column by then-Saudi state media chief Al Arabiya threatened “economic disaster” if the United States sanctioned Riyadh. “If US sanctions are imposed on Saudi Arabia, we will face an economic catastrophe that will shake the whole world,” wrote Turki Aldakhil, who is now Saudi Arabia’s ambassador to the United Arab Emirates. “It would lead to Saudi Arabia’s failure to commit to producing 7.5 million barrels [of oil].”

None of this is to say that Saudi Arabia under MBS did not pursue more comfortable relations with Russia. MBS’s heightened relationship with Putin dates back to June 2015, when, frustrated that President Barack Obama had rejected MBS’ requests for a meeting, the then deputy crown prince chose to meet Putin on the sidelines of the 19th Forum instead. Petersburg International Economy, as The Intercept previously reported.

Left with few options, the Biden administration announced this week that it would release 15 million barrels of oil from strategic oil reserves. The White House is also considering lifting sanctions on Venezuela to mitigate economic harm from the OPEC+ production cut, a move some experts have been calling for for years.

“The United States has artificially helped to make Saudi Arabia more powerful in energy markets by sanctioning oil from other major producers,” Trita Parsi, executive vice president of the Quincy Institute, told The Intercept. . “As [Secretary of State] Tony Blinken said the destruction of the Nord Stream gas pipeline was an opportunity for Europe to reduce its dependence on Russian gas, Biden should turn the current crisis into an opportunity to reduce his own dependence on Riyadh by rethinking his unsuccessful energy sanctions against Venezuela and Iranian.

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