The natural gas fields that Turkey has discovered in the Black Sea are expected to help the energy-dependent country meet its needs in the years to come, allow it to import cheaper gas and reduce its annual average energy bill. .
The country currently imports almost all of the gas it consumes each year and, in an effort to reduce its external dependence on energy imports, it has intensified its search for hydrocarbon resources off its land. coasts in recent years.
Other exploration work in the Black Sea has yielded results.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip ErdoÄan on Friday announced the discovery of 135 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas in the Amasra-1 offshore well in the Sakarya gas field in the Black Sea.
The discovery brought the total amount of deposits discovered by state energy company Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO) to 540 billion cubic meters, the announcement following the discovery of 405 billion cubic meters of gas last year. natural in the nearby Tuna-1 well, the largest discovery ever. in the Black Sea.
Both discoveries were made by the country’s first oil rig, the Fatih.
Turkey is using two of its three drill ships to speed up development of the field. Energy Minister Fatih DÃ¶nmez said last month that Fatih would open new test wells to assess firmer reserve figures while the second ship, Kanuni, would upgrade test wells to the level of the production.
Ankara aims to pump gas from the Sakarya field to its main grid in 2023, with sustained plateau production from 2027 or 2028. The field is expected to reach full production status after a four-phase development plan.
Addressing the opening of a new port in the Black Sea coastal province of Zonguldak, ErdoÄan said authorities would work “day and night” to achieve this goal.
He added that more gas discoveries in the region were possible.
In addition to Tuna-1 and Amasra-1, Fatih also drilled the TÃ¼rkali-1 and TÃ¼rkali-2 test wells. It is currently drilling the TÃ¼rkali-3 test well while Kanuni performs completion tests in the TÃ¼rkali-2 well.
Turkey intends to operate the wells without foreign aid and would not need external funding, the president said.
Gas from the Black Sea will be brought ashore with the Sakarya gas field development project, which includes the construction of gas production systems on the seabed, a gas processing center in the industrial zone of Filyos and pipelines to connect these units.
A pipeline spanning at least 160 kilometers (100 miles) will be needed to connect the region’s new wells to the main grid, while Ankara plans to build the receiving station within two years.
Turkey, which has little oil and gas, is heavily dependent on imports from Russia, Azerbaijan and Iran, as well as imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG) from Qatar, the United States , Nigeria and Algeria.
Turkey consumes between 45 and 50 billion m3 of natural gas each year, for which it pays between 12 billion dollars (104.01 billion TL) and 15 billion dollars. It imported 48.1 billion m3 of gas last year, up 6% from the previous year, of which a third came from Russia.
Its natural gas production was around 441 million cubic meters last year, according to the Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EPDK).
Separately, on May 17, ErdoÄan also announced that the nation had discovered oil in three new onshore wells in the past month.
The oil was found in two wells in the southeast of DiyarbakÄ±r province and at a third site in the northwest of KÄ±rklareli province.
The discovery will add 6,800 barrels of oil to the country’s daily output, which is estimated at more than 61,000 barrels of oil.
Some 2,800 and 3,000 barrels of oil will be produced daily from the Akoba-1 and YeniÅehir-1 wells at DiyarbakÄ±r respectively, while the Misinli-2 well at KÄ±rklareli will add 1,000 barrels of oil per day.
Discoveries to reduce the import bill by $ 6 billion
The data shows that the Black Sea fields could help meet at least 10 years of the country’s gas demand and is seen as a solution to some of the country’s long-term vulnerabilities, such as its import bill d ‘energy.
The findings could reduce the country’s annual import bill by $ 6 billion with production of 20 billion m3 per year, according to the head of the Association of Natural Gas Distribution Companies of Turkey (GAZBIR).
“The production of 15 billion m3 from the Tuna-1 well could meet 30% of Turkey’s annual gas requirements … The new gas discovery is sufficient to meet Turkey’s total gas requirements for three years, “said YaÅar Arslan, quoted by the Anadolu agency. (AA).
Melih Han Bilgin, chief executive officer of TPAO, said the new discovery in the “world-class” western basin of the Black Sea, the Sakarya gas field, has the potential to support further developments.
Bilgin said the maximum production potential in the Black Sea could increase to 20 billion cubic meters per year with the new discovery.
“In total, with the discoveries of Tuna-1 and Amasra-1, Turkey’s natural gas import bill could be reduced by $ 5 billion to $ 6 billion when production reaches the plateau level of $ 20 billion.” m3, âsaid Arslan.
About 155 kilometers of the pipeline will be built under the sea to where it comes ashore at Filyos in Zonguldak.
TPAO will invest some TL 780 million ($ 89.99 million) in generation and transmission facilities alone. The overall volume of investment in the Sakarya gas field has not yet been made public.
The pipeline will transport the natural gas that will be produced under the sea to the gas processing facility, whose inauguration ceremony took place on Friday. After treatment, the gas will flow into the national gas distribution network.
Finds to trigger investments
Palzor Shenga, vice president of research and upstream analysis at Norway-based Rystad Energy, said the Kanuni drill vessel is expected to perform well testing at Amasra-1, providing insight into productivity of the tank encountered.
âNonetheless, if proven, in combination with the additional resource from future discoveries, it will trigger significant investments in Turkey’s gas sector. The development of the deep water field will help meet Turkey’s growing demand for natural gas, âShenga said.
He said the discoveries would contribute to a substantial reduction in the country’s import costs.
“In addition, although Turkey’s path to energy self-sufficiency remains very long and uncertain, the country’s new hope that low-cost discoveries are achievable will pave the way for new exploration and development programs,” he added.
It is an exciting time for the Black Sea, a border basin that has long failed to deliver its expected potential, Shenga concluded.